An endgame study, or just study, is a composed chess endgame position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find a way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
Composed studies predate the modern form of chess. Shatranj studies exist in manuscripts from the 9th century, and the earliest treatises on modern chess by the likes of Luis Ramirez Lucena and Pedro Damiano (late 15th and early 16th century) also include studies. However, these studies often include superfluous pieces, added to make the position look more "game-like", but which take no part in the actual solution (something that is never done in the modern study). Various names were given to these positions (Damiano, for example, called them "subtleties"); the first book which called them "studies" appears to be Chess Studies, an 1851 publication by Josef Kling and Bernhard Horwitz, which is sometimes also regarded as the starting point for the modern endgame study. The form is considered to have been raised to an art in the late 19th century, with A. A. Troitsky and Henri Rinck particularly important in this respect.
In art, a study is a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece, or as visualnotes. Studies are often used to understand the problems involved in rendering subjects and to plan the elements to be used in finished works, such as light, color, form, perspective and composition. Studies can have more impact than more-elaborately planned work, due to the fresh insights the artist gains while exploring the subject. The excitement of discovery can give a study vitality. Even when layers of the work show changes the artist made as more was understood, the viewer shares more of the artist's sense of discovery. Written notes alongside visual images add to the import of the piece as they allow the viewer to share the artist's process of getting to know the subject.
Studies inspired some of the first 20th century conceptual art, where the creative process itself becomes the subject of the piece. Since the process is what is all-important in studies and conceptual art, the viewer may be left with no material object of art.
Excellence is a continuously moving target that can be pursued through actions of integrity, being frontrunner in terms of products / services provided that are reliable and safe for the intended users, meeting all obligations and continually
learning and improving in all spheres to pursue the moving target.
In modern public relations and marketing, "excellence" is a much overused buzzword that tries to convey a good impression often without imparting any concrete information (e.g. "center for excellence in ...", "business excellence", etc.).
The Ancient Greeks had a concept of arete which meant an outstanding fitness for purpose. This occurs in the works of Aristotle and Homer.
Another related concept was eudaimonia which was the happiness which resulted from a life well-lived, being prosperous and fulfilled. The equivalent concept in Muslim philosophy is ihsan.
Excellence was a word processor for the Amiga computer, created by Micro-Systems Software as a follow-up to their earlier Scribble! word processor. The primary author was Steve Pagliarulo. It was one of the first WYSIWYG word processors for the Amiga.
After the initial release there were two major updates, the last being version 3.0, released in 1993. This was the final software program released by Micro-Systems.
“These excellent non-human primate safety study results are exciting to see as we continue the systematic evaluation of our proprietary nanoparticle technology platform to treat very significant blinding eye diseases ... GLP-Tox studies were completed in two species which demonstrated excellent safety and no signs of any intra-ocular inflammation.
The new study found that people who rated their diet as excellent, very good or good were far more likely to have heard of MyPlate than those who said their diet was fair or poor. Of those who'd heard of the plan, about one-third tried to follow it, the study found ... The new study ...
And even the public schools produced students who later excelled in their respective fields of endeavor. Fast forward to 2022, when several studies have shown the abysmal performance of Filipino students in Southeast Asian benchmarking examinations in math, science and even in our best subject before, English.
The study demonstrates how communication with groups beyond the scientific community can have positive retroactive effects on the scientific collaboration of researchers from different disciplines ... These diverse potentials were identified and explored by the researchers who produced this study based on the theory of "boundary crossing".
She most recently held the position of associate vice president and served as the founding director of the Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning at Merrimack College. She earned her doctorate in educational studies, adult and transformative learning from Lesley University...
NovelPEDOT nanoparticles (NPs) were developed in the study to overcome this limitation ... Biological response to the developed PEDOT NP scaffolds were studied with stem cells in-vitro and in animal models of spinal cord injury in-vivo. Excellent stem cell attachment and growth on the scaffolds was observed, they reported.
Learners will also celebrate their Term 1 successes with certificates and recognition of their hard work, while our senior students will be going to Pursuit Games-Paint balling as a reward for their excellent efforts in their A-level studies.”.
DR. NINA RADCLIFF For The Press... If you answered no, you’re not alone. According to a study just released, only 25% of U.S ... On a positive note, the study found that people who rated their diet as excellent, very good or good were far more likely to know MyPlate (and tried to follow it) than those who said their diet was fair or poor ... Picturing MyPlate ... .
... members announced that Dr Waleed Malik's photo will be prominently displayed at PGMI, AMC and LGH so that the spirit of excelling be created in other students and they should work harder and try to achieve success in their studies with distinction marks.
Madurai... He said Niper is the first national-level institute in pharmaceutical sciences with the proclaimed objective of becoming a centre of excellence for advanced studies and research in pharmaceutical sciences ... However, the project has not commenced yet ... Start a Conversation. .
Jennifer Lee, a sixth grader at Sangtap Elementary School in Seongnam, Gyeonggi Province, is a multi-talented student who excels in her studies as well as extracurricular activities ... While many of her friends are planning to do extra studying at cram schools as they enter middle school next year, Lee seeks to spend more time exploring her interests.
ARIES (Mar 21-Apr 20). The home front may be looking up for you, Arians, from this week ... In some cases, students may need to put in more time and effort in their studies to excel this week.Aries Finance Weekly ... There's a chance Aries natives may get more alone time with their significant others, which is excellent news for their relationships ... 7 ... By.
Aries...There is a possibility of getting betrayed ... Ganesha says today will be a special interest in creative work and study ... Students will waste their time wandering around without paying attention to their studies ... Health can be excellent.Scorpio ... There may be more rush in the work related to the study of the offspring ... Health can be excellent.Aquarius.
Scottish terriers' high genetic predisposition to bladder cancer means they make an excellent population in which to study early cancer detection, which also means veterinarians could do the most good and save the most lives and heartaches ... Our study is the first to show that if ...