An endgame study, or just study, is a composed chess endgame position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find a way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
Composed studies predate the modern form of chess. Shatranj studies exist in manuscripts from the 9th century, and the earliest treatises on modern chess by the likes of Luis Ramirez Lucena and Pedro Damiano (late 15th and early 16th century) also include studies. However, these studies often include superfluous pieces, added to make the position look more "game-like", but which take no part in the actual solution (something that is never done in the modern study). Various names were given to these positions (Damiano, for example, called them "subtleties"); the first book which called them "studies" appears to be Chess Studies, an 1851 publication by Josef Kling and Bernhard Horwitz, which is sometimes also regarded as the starting point for the modern endgame study. The form is considered to have been raised to an art in the late 19th century, with A. A. Troitsky and Henri Rinck particularly important in this respect.
In art, a study is a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece, or as visualnotes. Studies are often used to understand the problems involved in rendering subjects and to plan the elements to be used in finished works, such as light, color, form, perspective and composition. Studies can have more impact than more-elaborately planned work, due to the fresh insights the artist gains while exploring the subject. The excitement of discovery can give a study vitality. Even when layers of the work show changes the artist made as more was understood, the viewer shares more of the artist's sense of discovery. Written notes alongside visual images add to the import of the piece as they allow the viewer to share the artist's process of getting to know the subject.
Studies inspired some of the first 20th century conceptual art, where the creative process itself becomes the subject of the piece. Since the process is what is all-important in studies and conceptual art, the viewer may be left with no material object of art.
Excellence is a continuously moving target that can be pursued through actions of integrity, being frontrunner in terms of products / services provided that are reliable and safe for the intended users, meeting all obligations and continually
learning and improving in all spheres to pursue the moving target.
In modern public relations and marketing, "excellence" is a much overused buzzword that tries to convey a good impression often without imparting any concrete information (e.g. "center for excellence in ...", "business excellence", etc.).
The Ancient Greeks had a concept of arete which meant an outstanding fitness for purpose. This occurs in the works of Aristotle and Homer.
Another related concept was eudaimonia which was the happiness which resulted from a life well-lived, being prosperous and fulfilled. The equivalent concept in Muslim philosophy is ihsan.
Excellence was a word processor for the Amiga computer, created by Micro-Systems Software as a follow-up to their earlier Scribble! word processor. The primary author was Steve Pagliarulo. It was one of the first WYSIWYG word processors for the Amiga.
After the initial release there were two major updates, the last being version 3.0, released in 1993. This was the final software program released by Micro-Systems.
Students from Dakshina Kannada excel in CET... Aspirants from the coastal district have excelled in the KarnatakaCommon Entrance Test (KCET) results announced on Monday ... Reetham said, “It was just consistency in studies that helped me to excel ... Meanwhile, my teachers have also motivated me to be more consistent in studies,” he said.
For others, it might include managing employees, working in Excel or PowerPoint, or reading and writing a zillion emails ... They studied the effect of the first six months of the pandemic on 61,000Microsoft employees ... The lesson of the Microsoft study is that offices seem to be excellent at a specific job.
ADDIS ABABA, Sept ... "I have indeed had a very enriching and resourceful experience through my study in China," Tahir said. The scholar argued that apart from academic excellence, Chinese scholarship opportunities provide scholars from the developing world with firsthand experience of China's own development. (Web editor. Xia Peiyao, Bianji).
As with any reconstructive surgery, there is always a tiny chance the procedure won’t work but studies suggest this has low re-tear rates ... ‘I am leading a global trial to ensure the initial excellent clinical results are reproducible, as well as studying the cost effectiveness of this procedure for widespread adoption within the NHS.’. Advertisement.
Keeping in line with the NationalEducationPolicy (NEP) 2020 to make students future-ready, universities must keep updating their course curriculum periodically ...Evolve current structure ... “It is not just about how, but also what we teach that matters ... Congratulations! ... Way forward ... “Literature should give freedom to students to study excellent authors.
They are excelling in every exam and competition and occupying higher positions to serve the country and society ... She also suffered financial difficulties during her studies. Due to her excellence in her studies in 9th and 10th the government granted her scholarship of Rs.10000 which encouraged her and she never looked back.
In a step towards consolidating their global footprint, SVKM’s NMIMS, one of India’s leading education institutions with a 40-year legacy of academic excellence, has now launched its Centre for International Studies ... excellent avenues for international learning opportunities.
Faced with other options, they will opt for products that add value to their consumption ... It is an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, proteins, and natural antioxidants. It is considered a superfood and recent studies indicate that it helps the body regulate cholesterol and sugar levels ... �. For more information.. Publication date ....
In this study, researchers show that these polymers successfully contained similar but non-radioactive metal atoms ... These factors make PLGA an excellent potential tool for delivering radioisotope treatments that deserves future study.
Terry Owens, a Radcliff city council member, is a new member of the Prichard Committee for EducationExcellence. The committee studies “pressing education issues, help inform the public and policymakers of our findings, and engage communities to celebrate success and to design unique local solutions to our challenges,” according to its website ... .
About the STRIDE Registry The STRIDE (Strategic Targeting of Registries and International Database of Excellence) Registry is an ongoing, multicenter, observational study of the safety and effectiveness of Translarna in routine care ... * Strategic Targeting of Registries and International Database of Excellent (STRIDE).
DearScorpio, you tend to be jealous and stubborn and your negative traits can manifest themselves and trouble your mind. PUBLISHED ON SEP 21, 2021 12.26 AM IST. Scorpio. People born under this sign are emotional and passionate, but tend to be jealous and stubborn ... An honour or award awaits some students, who have excelled in studies ... Lucky Number. 1.