An endgame study, or just study, is a composed chess endgame position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find a way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
Composed studies predate the modern form of chess. Shatranj studies exist in manuscripts from the 9th century, and the earliest treatises on modern chess by the likes of Luis Ramirez Lucena and Pedro Damiano (late 15th and early 16th century) also include studies. However, these studies often include superfluous pieces, added to make the position look more "game-like", but which take no part in the actual solution (something that is never done in the modern study). Various names were given to these positions (Damiano, for example, called them "subtleties"); the first book which called them "studies" appears to be Chess Studies, an 1851 publication by Josef Kling and Bernhard Horwitz, which is sometimes also regarded as the starting point for the modern endgame study. The form is considered to have been raised to an art in the late 19th century, with A. A. Troitsky and Henri Rinck particularly important in this respect.
In art, a study is a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece, or as visualnotes. Studies are often used to understand the problems involved in rendering subjects and to plan the elements to be used in finished works, such as light, color, form, perspective and composition. Studies can have more impact than more-elaborately planned work, due to the fresh insights the artist gains while exploring the subject. The excitement of discovery can give a study vitality. Even when layers of the work show changes the artist made as more was understood, the viewer shares more of the artist's sense of discovery. Written notes alongside visual images add to the import of the piece as they allow the viewer to share the artist's process of getting to know the subject.
Studies inspired some of the first 20th century conceptual art, where the creative process itself becomes the subject of the piece. Since the process is what is all-important in studies and conceptual art, the viewer may be left with no material object of art.
Excellence is a continuously moving target that can be pursued through actions of integrity, being frontrunner in terms of products / services provided that are reliable and safe for the intended users, meeting all obligations and continually
learning and improving in all spheres to pursue the moving target.
In modern public relations and marketing, "excellence" is a much overused buzzword that tries to convey a good impression often without imparting any concrete information (e.g. "center for excellence in ...", "business excellence", etc.).
The Ancient Greeks had a concept of arete which meant an outstanding fitness for purpose. This occurs in the works of Aristotle and Homer.
Another related concept was eudaimonia which was the happiness which resulted from a life well-lived, being prosperous and fulfilled. The equivalent concept in Muslim philosophy is ihsan.
Excellence was a word processor for the Amiga computer, created by Micro-Systems Software as a follow-up to their earlier Scribble! word processor. The primary author was Steve Pagliarulo. It was one of the first WYSIWYG word processors for the Amiga.
After the initial release there were two major updates, the last being version 3.0, released in 1993. This was the final software program released by Micro-Systems.
Excel fled Ukraine when Russia invaded and said the Gloucestershire community has been "really helpful" ... Excel left Nigeria, where he was born, to study to become a doctor but after settling in the Ukraine was displaced within the country when Russia moved in to Luhansk in 2014.
It’s an excellent day to sign contracts or agree to something important because you are wearing your sensible hat ... This is an excellent day to teach children or young minds, because people are willing to put up with a bit of adversity to get what they want today ... This is an excellent day for study.
The app is excellent for people on the spectrum and speech therapy, Taub said ... They continue to work on improvements and so far clinical studies have demonstrated statistically significant improvement in conversational speech ... The studies showed the app does help individuals with diagnosed autism spectrum disorders improve conversational speech.
Ahmed Deabes came to study in China in 2015... During his study at BITC, Deabes worked hard and achieved excellent academic results, managing to reach HSK level 4 in the Chinese Proficiency Test in just one year ... In 2019, he continued his studies at BITC's partner university and completed a bachelor's degree via a "top-up" program.
Tariq Arshad, MD, MBA, Qualigen's Chief Medical Officer, commented, “We are on track to complete our IND-enabling studies for QN-302 in the third and fourth quarters of 2022 and are excited to partner with Hande, who has an excellent track record of performance.
The Institute is internationally renowned for its equal commitment to cutting-edge research, Phase I studies, and excellent patient care ... It has actively enrolled over 3,400 patients in clinical cancer studies, including breast, lung, brain, blood, solid tumors, and more.In 2011 ...
He majored in physics and astronomy as an undergraduate at Seoul National University (SNU) and studied mathematics at the university's graduate school ... Huh said he believes "the fact that young (Korean) mathematicians in their 30s and 40s are excelling and talented, and the results of their studies" were reflected in the promotion.
In its inaugural study of e-commerce retailers that sell groceries, “customer science” company dunnhumby ranks H-E-B as the best online grocer in the U.S ... Here are H-E-B’s top rankings in the study ... The study notes that H-E-B also excels in the online grocery department as compared with other regional grocers, such as Kroger.
In a similar way, our studies reveal that those who are the best at bird recognition may also excel at plane identification, and they may also be the best at learning to spot tumors in chest X-rays ... In one study, we found that neither IQ nor SAT scores predict recognition of novel objects.
TUESDAY, July 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) – Doctor burnout and suicide are a growing concern, a new study finds ... About 1 in 15 doctors experience suicidal thoughts, according to the study ... In the short term, the study said, doctors need better access to primary care services, as well as help with scheduling challenges and concerns about confidentiality.
Oba Okunoye, who doubles as the Eburu of Iba, said that the governor’s excellent performance after a critical evaluation of his people-oriented programmes and policies earned him the collective endorsement of the rural monarchs across the nooks and crannies of the state ... “We did not just arrive at this excellent evaluation.
After serving more than 10 years in the military, Ismail Somai decided to use his GI Bill benefits to study at a seminary school near Fort Bragg in North Carolina... Somai said that after studying at the school for nearly four years, he left with no degree and feeling as though he’d been manipulated and taken advantage of.
The study is published in Scientific Reports... "These properties make them excellent tools to study evolutionary biomechanics," Peterman says, "the story of how benthic (bottom-dwelling) mollusks became among the most complex and mobile group of marine invertebrates.