An endgame study, or just study, is a composed chess endgame position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find a way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
Composed studies predate the modern form of chess. Shatranj studies exist in manuscripts from the 9th century, and the earliest treatises on modern chess by the likes of Luis Ramirez Lucena and Pedro Damiano (late 15th and early 16th century) also include studies. However, these studies often include superfluous pieces, added to make the position look more "game-like", but which take no part in the actual solution (something that is never done in the modern study). Various names were given to these positions (Damiano, for example, called them "subtleties"); the first book which called them "studies" appears to be Chess Studies, an 1851 publication by Josef Kling and Bernhard Horwitz, which is sometimes also regarded as the starting point for the modern endgame study. The form is considered to have been raised to an art in the late 19th century, with A. A. Troitsky and Henri Rinck particularly important in this respect.
In art, a study is a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece, or as visualnotes. Studies are often used to understand the problems involved in rendering subjects and to plan the elements to be used in finished works, such as light, color, form, perspective and composition. Studies can have more impact than more-elaborately planned work, due to the fresh insights the artist gains while exploring the subject. The excitement of discovery can give a study vitality. Even when layers of the work show changes the artist made as more was understood, the viewer shares more of the artist's sense of discovery. Written notes alongside visual images add to the import of the piece as they allow the viewer to share the artist's process of getting to know the subject.
Studies inspired some of the first 20th century conceptual art, where the creative process itself becomes the subject of the piece. Since the process is what is all-important in studies and conceptual art, the viewer may be left with no material object of art.
Excellence is a continuously moving target that can be pursued through actions of integrity, being frontrunner in terms of products / services provided that are reliable and safe for the intended users, meeting all obligations and continually
learning and improving in all spheres to pursue the moving target.
In modern public relations and marketing, "excellence" is a much overused buzzword that tries to convey a good impression often without imparting any concrete information (e.g. "center for excellence in ...", "business excellence", etc.).
The Ancient Greeks had a concept of arete which meant an outstanding fitness for purpose. This occurs in the works of Aristotle and Homer.
Another related concept was eudaimonia which was the happiness which resulted from a life well-lived, being prosperous and fulfilled. The equivalent concept in Muslim philosophy is ihsan.
Excellence was a word processor for the Amiga computer, created by Micro-Systems Software as a follow-up to their earlier Scribble! word processor. The primary author was Steve Pagliarulo. It was one of the first WYSIWYG word processors for the Amiga.
After the initial release there were two major updates, the last being version 3.0, released in 1993. This was the final software program released by Micro-Systems.
"It has dawned on DelhiChief MinisterArvind Kejriwal, after being in power for the past seven years, the need to provide a helping hand to make Dalit students excel in studies, and make their mark in life, but I wonder what was the Delhi CM doing all these years to help Dalit students?" state Congress chief Anil Kumar said.
I-Bible.com. He wants us to ask Him daily for what we need, not our weekly, monthly, or yearly needs ... God has given you a list of things to think about, things that are true, honorable, right, pure, lovely, admirable, excellent, and worthy of praise ... Read it, study it, memorize it, and fill our minds with the Word of God ... .
Daily horoscope ...CopyLink ... Don't neglect studies, as your academic performance may fall way below your expectations ... LoveFocus ...7 ... Red ... Your performance at school needs improvement, so devote more time to your studies ... The day seems excellent for people under this sign ... An application for a scholarship to study abroad shows all signs of getting approved.
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Weber investigated a Theranos-prepared oncology study in which the company described its own systems as showing "superior performance" and having "excellent" accuracy, performing well when compared to "commercially available gold standards." Local.
LUCKNOW ... On Friday, a day after Priyanka Gandhi announced smartphones and two-wheelers for girl students who excelled in studied, Mayawati once again raised the party's performance in Rajasthan and Punjab to to allege that nobody was going to take Congress’ promises seriously ... However, the important question is, who will take them seriously ... .
Hunters know that deer have excellent eyesight, but just how better is their eyes than ours is?. Researchers have done studies on a deer's eyes and found that a deer's eyes are five times better than a human and it's believed they are far-sighted and they have a wide field of view.
+Text Size. SmallMediumLarge. ARTICLES ... CM Yogi Adityanath ... Guv to univs. LUCKNOW ... On Friday, a day after Priyanka Gandhi announced smartphones and two-wheelers for girl students who excelled in studied, Mayawati once again raised the party's performance in Rajasthan and Punjab to to allege that nobody was going to take Congress’ promises seriously.
Later studies proved it was a sophisticated astronomical calculator, some call it an analog computer ... “In school we studied learned Italian, Greek, French, English” – his Greek is excellent, notwithstanding that he began to speak at 15, when the family was forced to flee Nasser's Egypt.
Daily horoscope ... Read on to find out your horoscope for today.(FilePhoto). CopyLink ... Aries (March 21-April 20) ... LoveFocus ... 5 ... Those preparing for competitive exams will need to create specific goals for each study session; this way they will methodically cover everything ... Your desire to excel in academics may prod you to get serious about your studies.
Long hours in UCLA’s weight room and explosive movements like power cleans and snatches helped Miller develop the requisite core and lower-body strength necessary to support his 6-foot-8-inch frame and excel at the NFL level. Additional hours studying film — often two or three after practices — helped him refine his technique.
"I used to study the easier portions first and mark the difficult ones to study later ... Students like Aifuna find the post graduate learning simple because they have studied the basics thoroughl ,`` said K Vasantha, head of the department of Sanskrit at University College ... She has excelled in her studies since her school days.