An endgame study, or just study, is a composed chess endgame position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find a way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
Composed studies predate the modern form of chess. Shatranj studies exist in manuscripts from the 9th century, and the earliest treatises on modern chess by the likes of Luis Ramirez Lucena and Pedro Damiano (late 15th and early 16th century) also include studies. However, these studies often include superfluous pieces, added to make the position look more "game-like", but which take no part in the actual solution (something that is never done in the modern study). Various names were given to these positions (Damiano, for example, called them "subtleties"); the first book which called them "studies" appears to be Chess Studies, an 1851 publication by Josef Kling and Bernhard Horwitz, which is sometimes also regarded as the starting point for the modern endgame study. The form is considered to have been raised to an art in the late 19th century, with A. A. Troitsky and Henri Rinck particularly important in this respect.
In art, a study is a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece, or as visualnotes. Studies are often used to understand the problems involved in rendering subjects and to plan the elements to be used in finished works, such as light, color, form, perspective and composition. Studies can have more impact than more-elaborately planned work, due to the fresh insights the artist gains while exploring the subject. The excitement of discovery can give a study vitality. Even when layers of the work show changes the artist made as more was understood, the viewer shares more of the artist's sense of discovery. Written notes alongside visual images add to the import of the piece as they allow the viewer to share the artist's process of getting to know the subject.
Studies inspired some of the first 20th century conceptual art, where the creative process itself becomes the subject of the piece. Since the process is what is all-important in studies and conceptual art, the viewer may be left with no material object of art.
Excellence is a continuously moving target that can be pursued through actions of integrity, being frontrunner in terms of products / services provided that are reliable and safe for the intended users, meeting all obligations and continually
learning and improving in all spheres to pursue the moving target.
In modern public relations and marketing, "excellence" is a much overused buzzword that tries to convey a good impression often without imparting any concrete information (e.g. "center for excellence in ...", "business excellence", etc.).
The Ancient Greeks had a concept of arete which meant an outstanding fitness for purpose. This occurs in the works of Aristotle and Homer.
Another related concept was eudaimonia which was the happiness which resulted from a life well-lived, being prosperous and fulfilled. The equivalent concept in Muslim philosophy is ihsan.
Excellence was a word processor for the Amiga computer, created by Micro-Systems Software as a follow-up to their earlier Scribble! word processor. The primary author was Steve Pagliarulo. It was one of the first WYSIWYG word processors for the Amiga.
After the initial release there were two major updates, the last being version 3.0, released in 1993. This was the final software program released by Micro-Systems.
In the EXCELLENT study, patients will be monitored for six months, and a final readout is expected in the first half of 2024 ... to use the CE Marked Helical InfusionCatheter for transendocardial biotherapeutic delivery administration of ProtheraCytes in the EXCELLENT study.
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In a separate investigation, the forensic firm uncovered 11 observations that appeared in Gino’s 2012 study but not in the original Excel files obtained from her research assistant — including the responses from all eight of Data Colada’s flagged participants ... Several study ...
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HPG7233 has excellent target tissue selectivity and has shown good safety and tolerability in the toxicology studies with no adverse findings related to THR-α subtypes or in gastrointestinal tract ... Xu, PhD, President and CEO of Hepagene, "We plan to initiate HPG7233 clinical study soon and look forward to implementation of this project successfully.
... foundation for America's great heritage and way of life, and encourage the study of the historical events leading to the framing of the constitution. Constitution Week is an excellent time to study the Constitution of Kentucky, established in the constitutional convention of 1891.
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You begin to realize that there is method to the madness ... “We’re honored to have this exhibit,” he added ... Tantillo used a painting of a sloop by Pau Gansevoort from the 1730s in the institute’s collection as a study to render the poop deck with historical accuracy. “The AlbanyInstitute has some excellent marine art in its collection,” Tantillo said.
Zili Li, Associate Professor at Fudan University, China, and corresponding author of the study, explained ... The study focuses on improving the properties of PVA, a polymer with excellent mechanical properties, but with poor stretchability and self-healing performance due to strong intramolecular and intermolecular bonds.
These tests hold the keys to your educational and professional career, determining where and what you can study. Beyond just subject knowledge, excelling in these tests necessitates outstanding test-taking tactics ... students are ready to excel in their academic and career pursuits.
With its crushing atmospheric pressure, clouds of sulfuric acid, and searing surface temperature, Venus is an especially challenging place to study ... "Its geological similarities make Iceland an excellent place to study Venus on Earth, helping the science team prepare for Venus.".
In light of their respected reputation, reviews, case studies, client portfolios, and other factors, here is a list of the Top 10 ASO Agencies in India - 1 ...Case Studies- ... They also excel in comprehensive localization, including language translation ... Location- Gurugram, Haryana Case studies- ... Case studies - NA 4 ... Case studies - NA 5 ... Case studies - NA 6.